Central Lombok Regency is a regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten) of the Indonesian Province of West Nusa Tenggara. It is located on the island of Lombok and the capital is Praya. It covers an area of 1,208.39 km2, and had a population of 859,309 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate (as at January 2014) is 898,855.
The other adjoining regencies of Lombok are the East Lombok Regency, West Lombok Regency and the North Lombok Regency. The region was first incorporated in accordance with Law Number 69 of the Year 1958. Tatas Tuhu Trasna, is the motto of the Central Lombok Regency.
The area of Central Lombok Regency is 1,208.39 km
Climate and topography
Central Lombok has a tropical climate with long dry seasons. The rain season normally commences in October and continues until April with an average rainfall of above 100mm during these months. In December falls have reached 382 mm. From May until September average rainfall is below 100 mm with the lowest rainfall normally occurring in May. December normally has the highest frequency of rain days and the lowest occur in May. Topography of Central Lombok is mountainous in the north, including Mount Rinjani area with an altitude of about 1000 meters above sea level, suitable for plantation such as coffee, timber and other crops. The centre of the region is a low-lying and utilised for rice paddies and tobacco. The southern areas are dry and denuded with some undulating hilly areas of between 100 to 355 meters above sea level.
The dominant soil types in Central Lombok Regency are 41,635 ha complex of Mediterranean Chocolate (34%), Grey Gromusol 34,306 (28%) and Grey regosol 20,387 (17%).
The region is essentially agrarian in activity with rice, copra, casava, tobacco, timber and other crops. Rainfall is lower in the south of the Regency and higher in the north as the land rises toward Mount Rinjani and the land becomes more fertile and productive. Rinjani supplies a rainfall catchment area to the region and several into central Lombok rivers flow from its slopes. The sea supports a small local fishing industry, a fish market, a pearling industry, seaweed harvesting, traditional weaving, pottery and handicraft production. The growing tourism industry in Lombok has had little effect on the eastern coast. The proximity of the new Lombok International Airport will possible lead to an increase in tourism related business and development in Central Lombok in coming years.
Location of New Lombok International Airport
The new Lombok Airport was developed in accordance with ICAO guidelines and specification. The airport size consists of 553 hectares (1,370 acres) and incorporates a modern convenient terminal supporting passenger requirements.
The airport site is at Tanak Awu, in Kabupaten Lombok Tengah (Regency of Central Lombok), Lombok, Indonesia, south west of Mataramthe provincial capital of Nusa Tenggara Barat and a few kilometers south west of the small regional city of Praya. The surface connections were still under construction in late 2011 following the official commencement of operations at the airport and some of the rights of way for the connecting highway to Mataram were still in disputation with the current landowners. The project completion was much delayed and the proposed opening date was moved back several times. When the airport opened on 1 October 2011 many of the terminal and passenger handling facilities remained incomplete causing some inconvenience to both passengers and airline operations.
The natural assets of Central Lombok include rice paddies, tobacco growing areas and some established nature reserves. The south of Lombok features white sandy beaches, some of it quite isolated, remote and with limited access.
Notable beaches are Pantai Gerupuk, Pantai Awang, Tanjung A’nn, Pantai Seger, Kuta Beach, Selong Belanak, Mawi Beach, Pantai Tomang, Are Guling Beach, Pantai Pengatap, Rowok, Torok Aik Belek, and Pantai Mawun. Other attractions lie in the hills of central lombok rising toward Mount Rinjani. Surfing is very popular with local and international visitors and the south coast has some popular destinations for international surfers and travellers. Fishing villages, grouper fish cultivation, pearl cultivation, the traditional fish market and coral reefs also attract visitors to this part of Lombok. The area also supports traditional weaving and handicraft production. Individual tourists or tour guides often arrange small personalised tours or private visits to see traditional weaving and religious ceremonies.
Mount Rinjani is at the northern flank of Central Lombok. It is popular tourist attraction and activities include trekking, study of rare tropical flora and local fauna.
Objects of cultural heritage in this part of the island include Sade kampung adat (customary hamlet), Hamlet NDE, a location of a traditional housing, traditional villages, local arts and traditional ceremonies. Mosque Mount Pujut is a historic local mosque. Other historic attractions are the tomb of King Pejanggik, the tomb of Nyatok, and Clack Tomb and Mausoleum, the tomb of Serewe Islamic religious figures.
In 2010 the region supported 25 hotels of mixed classes across the general area of Central Lombok Regency with 16 of these properties situated in the Kuta area.
On 21 October 2011 President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono officiated at the groundbreaking ceremony of the Mandalika Resort Development Project. Six Memorandums of Understanding (MoU) on the development of the site were signed in conjunction with the groundbreaking ceremony.
The Mandalika Resort Development Project is planned to be undertaken on an about 1,200 hectares site in Kuta, Pujut sudistrict and has a projected value of US$3 billion. Plans have been detailed for hotel, villa and a high end resort projects. AFormula One circuit, a plenary room for concert events, a seaport for excursions and other ships, and an integratedDisneyland styled theme park, an underwater park and a technical park have also been proposed. US$250 million or about Rp2.2 trillion is projected to come from state-owned firms (BUMN).
The Mandalika project is also expected to be included as one of the country`s special economic zones presenting potential fiscal and non-fiscal arrangements to investors to engage in development of the provinces tourism sector. The proposal to grant special economic zone status to Mandalika resort area was based upon Law No. 30/2011 of the regulations covering Special Economic Zones and included in Government Regulation Number 2 / 2011 (on the Implementation of the Special Economic Zones).
Bali Tourism Development Corporation (BTDC) will manage Mandalika Tourism Area which has 5 beaches in Southern Lombok Island: Kuta Beach, Serenting Beach, Aan Cape, Keliuw Beach and Gerupuk Beach. The area is 1,179 hectares will be divided in 3 zonas:
- luxury residentials in the west part
- hotels, villas and public utilities in the central part
- exclusive hotels and villas in the east part
The project is planned for 20 to 30 years and for the first time will be developed in Kuta Beach Area since June 2012 which the land acquisitions have been finished.